Saint Augustine, Florida
Client: City of Saint Augustine
Scope of Services: Preservation Recommendations; Condition Assessment of Three Monuments
The Central Plaza of the City of St. Augustine, laid out in the sixteenth century, is the oldest man-made urban form of European settlers in North America. Prominently placed in the Plaza are two monuments; a third is across the street at a major entrance to the Plaza.
The oldest of the three monuments is the Monumento de la Constitucion, a stuccoed coquina stone obelisk erected by Spanish settlers in 1813 and dedicated to the Spanish Constitution. When the Spanish crown regained its power in 1814, Madrid ordered the destruction of all such memorials throughout Spain’s worldwide empire. This monument, however, was spared by Saint Augustine officials. The 18-foot tall obelisk is one of the few surviving monuments of its kind in the world. The second oldest monument is the Confederate War Memorial, erected in 1872 by the Ladies Memorial Association of Saint Augustine. The monument was moved to the plaza, rebuilt and enlarged in 1879. It is made of stucco on masonry with marble tablets. The third monument is the World War I Victory Memorial Flagpole and Monument, which dates to 1923. It too is made of coquina and has brass tablets and flagpole.
JKOA assessed the condition of the monuments as well as other park features, evaluated existing materials, tested potential cleaning and repair techniques, and specified compatible repairs for this designated National Historical Landmark plaza.